Help Guide: Health & Fitness
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As essential guide to Diabetes Treatment


Diabetes is on the increase in the UK and for many who are newly diagnosed it can seem like an impossibly scary prospect. However diabetes treatment is today more effective than ever, with drugs improving and knowledge growing exponentially within the field. This guide will then cover the main treatments of diabetes as well as explaining the differences between the main forms of the illness.

What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes is an extremely common health condition that some 3.2 million people suffer form in the UK alone. It is estimated that anything up to 630,000 people are diabetes suffers who are unaware that they suffer from the condition without knowing they do.

This illness is where the amount of glucose within a person’s body is too high and the body is unable to process it properly. This is due to the pancreas not producing insulin (or possibly too little insulin) for the glucose to enter the body’s cells.

The two forms of diabetes
There are two types of diabetes: type one and type two. Type one diabetes is where there is no insulin to open the body’s cells for it to be processed. Type two is where there is enough insulin but it is not being processed correctly.

Types of diabetes treatment
Medication
Medications for diabetes lowers the blood’s glucose levels. People who are suffering from type 2 diabetes may require medication such as insulin. Therefore such medication does not, nor seeks to, cure diabetes. Instead it manages the condition.

Types of diabetes medication
The following list details the main families of drugs used to treat diabetes:
- Biguanide,
- Sulphonylureas,
- Alpha glycosidase inhibitor,
- Prandial glucose regulators,
- Thiazolidinediones (glitazones),
- Incretin mimetics,
- DPP-4 inhibitors (gliptins),
- SGLT2 inhibitors.

Insulin
Insulin is a treatment that is required by all type 1 diabetes suffers as well as some people who suffer with type 2.

Types of insulin
There are three main types of insulin: animal, human (this isn’t from humans, but is instead created synthetically to act just as human insulin would) and finally analogues insulin (this insulin is another synthetically created form of insulin).
Currently the majority of diabetes insulin treatment involves human insulin and insulin analogues. However, there are some people who remain users of animal insulin as it is thought changing to any other insulin type could harm the person’s health.

The main types of insulin
There are a wide range of differing insulins that will be used in certain circumstances; these may be provided to a person for them to control their own condition, with these being as follows:
- Rapid-acting analogues,
- Long-acting analogues,
- Short-acting insulins,
- Medium- and long-acting insulins,
- Mixed insulin,
- Mixed analogue.